Technical
How to Judge the Acceptance of PCB Quality
Which Color Circuit Board Sells the Most Expensive
Method to Solve the Noise Interference of Power Supply on High-frequency PCB Board
Disassembly Skills of Chip Components on PCB
What Factors Should Be Considered in the Selection of High-frequency PCB CCL
How to Place Special Components during PCB Layout
What Are the Functions of Capacitors in Circuits?
Testing Techniques for Common Electronics Components
What to do if There is a Short Circuit on the PCB
Desoldering Principles and knowhow during PCBA Processing
Black Oxidation of the Inner Layer of the Multilayer PCB
How to Ensure the High-performance Design of PCB
What Is the Printing Process of SMT Solder Paste?
PCB without fiducial mark, Is There Any Way to do SMT for It
What Are the Benefits of Reserving Break-up Tab for PCB Production
How Does SMT Affect PCB Production Time and Speed It Up
Classification of PCBs from three aspects
Common Problems and Solutions for Dry Film pasting during PCB Manufacturing process
Several Elements to Inspect after PCB Design
What is a halogen-free circuit board?
What Do Capacitive Coupling and Decoupling Mean?
What Are the Differences Between PCB Paste Mask and Solder Mask?
How PCBA Is Packaged and Shipped
How long can PCBA finished products be stored?
What Are the Differences and Relations Between PCB, PCBA, and SMT?
PCB Baking Specifications
PCB "Solder Mask Tenting" and "Solder Mask Opening"
Five reasons for PCB deformation and six solutions
Importance of first article inspection of PCBA board
Temperature zone standard for SMT reflow soldering
Small and medium volume PCB manufacturers in China
The main reason for PCBA cleaning
For power filter, the more capacitors, the better?
What does PCBA programming mean?
Content of PCB incoming testing
What conditions must be met for PCB circuit board soldering?
What is Blind via and Buried via
PCBA Manufacturers Temperature and Humidity Sensitive Components Management
Why choose Shenzhen SMT processing factory?
How long does it take to calculate the quotation for PCBA manufacturing?
Introduction of PCB design clearance requirements
Explanation of BOM, DIP, SMT, SMD
Introduction of the process of PCBA prototype
How to prevent pseudo soldering or cold soldering defects in PCBA manufacturing?
Factors that affect the Price of FPCB
What information is required for SMT processing at PCBA factory?
Skills of using 0ohm resistor in PCB design
How to select a PCBA manufacturer
SMT processing solder joint quality inspection
Characteristics difference between immersion gold PCB and gold plating PCB
Common malfunctions of Circuit Board Caused by Moisture
A Few Rules about PCB Panelization
Compare of multi-layer PCB with single/double layer PCB
Why do we need to introduce so many subdivided GND
Difference between immersion gold boards and gold plating boards
Aluminum PCB structure
Classification of different GND in circuit
Why PCB baking is necessary during manufacturing process
The handle and precautions of OSP board in SMT process
How to choose capacitors for filter decoupling
How to choose filter capacitor for switching power supply
5 database need for SMT process
Function of three-terminal capacitor
Introduction of PCB OSP surface treatment
Method of inspecting the quality of SMT by step
How to find the short point between VCC and GND
Difference between 850nm and 940nm infrared LED
Component layout of PCB SMT DFM
Pad shape influence on the strength and reliability of the soldering joints
The difference between high temperature solder paste and low temperature solder paste
Introduction to manual welding processing
Manual visual inspection in PCBA processing
Characteristics of the conformal coating process
Difference between hardware engineers and software engineers
PCBA processing operation rules
China PCB upstream materials has continued to soar
Difference between serial buses and parallel buses
The key points of quality control in PCBA processing
Common causes of solder beading during SMT process
Analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of HASL PCB surface
Requirements for layout of components during SMT assembly
Selection of electronic components and CCL for PCBA
Performance and appearance quality inspection of components.
Quality and Reliability of SMT Chip Processing and Production
Coupling and decoupling function of capacitor
Two methods to connect digital ground and analog ground
Common sense in SMT process

How to choose filter capacitor for switching power supply

The filter capacitor plays a very important role in the switching power supply. How to choose the filter capacitor correctly, especially the choice of the output filter capacitor, is a problem that every engineering and technical personnel is very concerned about.

On the power filter circuit, we can see a variety of capacitors with different capacitances, such as: 100uF, 10uF, 100nF, 10nF, etc. How are these parameters determined?

In the 50Hz power frequency circuit, ordinary electrolytic capacitors are used, whose pulsating voltage frequency is only 100Hz, and the charging and discharging time is on the order of milliseconds.

In order to obtain a smaller pulsation coefficient, the required capacitance is as high as hundreds of thousands of μF. Therefore, the goal of ordinary low-frequency aluminum electrolytic capacitors is to increase the capacitance. The capacitance, loss tangent value and leakage current of the capacitor are main parameters used to identify quality of them.

In the switching power supply with a sawtooth voltage frequency up to tens of kHz, or even tens of MHz, for the output filter electrolytic capacitor used on it, the capacitance is not its main indicator at this time.

The standard to measure the quality of high-frequency aluminum electrolytic capacitors is the "impedance-frequency" characteristic, which requires a lower equivalent impedance within the operating frequency of the switching power supply, and at the same time, it has good filtering effect to the high-frequency spikes generated by semiconductor devices.

Ordinary low-frequency electrolytic capacitors begin to appear inductive at around 10kHz, which cannot meet the requirements of switching power supplies.

The special high-frequency aluminum electrolytic capacitor for switching power supply has four terminals.

Current flows in from one positive terminal of the four-terminal capacitor, passes through the capacitor, and then flows from the other positive terminal to the load; the current returning from the load also flows in from one negative terminal of the capacitor, and then flows from the other negative terminal to the negative terminal of the power supply.

Because the four-terminal capacitor has good high-frequency characteristics, it provides an extremely advantageous means for reducing the pulsating of the voltage and suppressing the switching spike noise.

High-frequency aluminum electrolytic capacitors also have a multi-core form, that is, the aluminum foil is divided into several shorter sections, which are connected in parallel with multiple lead to reduce the impedance in the capacitive reactance.

And the use of low-resistivity materials as the leads improves the capacity of the capacitor to withstand large currents.