PCB design considerations for smart bracelet, smart bracelet, Smart wristband, electronic product PCB, High frequency PCB, frequency circuit, clock circuit board, memory circuit board, sensor circuit unit, master MCU unit, single-sided SMT, Double-sided SMT, 4 layer PCB factory, 6 layers PCB factory, circuit design, digital circuit components, ESD protection, smart bracelet PCB design
PCB design considerations for smart bracelet

As a more popular product form in the past two years, the smart bracelet has attracted more and more people's attention. Although it cannot be accepted by all, its production has indeed caused some changes in the electronic product market.

A smart bracelet usually consists of a radio frequency circuit unit, a clock circuit unit, a memory circuit unit, a sensor circuit unit, and a master MCU unit, and the circuit PCB is usually concentrated in a small range, single-sided or double-sided SMT, the board is mainly 4 or 6 layers.

Since the versatility is concentrated on a small PCB board, we have to pay special attention to the layout and wiring of the bracelet. Now, some considerations are summarized for reference.

First, partition layout, pay attention to the line protection.

Since the smart bracelet is a collection of digital circuit components, in the circuit design, as long as the matching resistance and capacitance distribution are completed, the circuit module of a certain function can be completed, thereby making the circuit design more concise and easy to find. Although some sensor circuit units use analog circuit technology for data acquisition, once is designed as a module, data communication and information transfer can be completed through the corresponding connection interface.

In the layout of the circuit module, on the one hand, it is necessary to pay attention to the clock circuit and the crystal oscillator circuit to reach the target discipline through the shortest path. On the other hand, the clock line should tack care to avoid the data line to prevent the interference from affecting the stability of the system.

When routing, it is necessary to protect the critical traces, such as the clock circuit, the crystal oscillator circuit, etc., whether to carry out copper protection, whether to carry out ring protection, etc., generally in the design will be protected, for the crystal part is required to dig copper.

Second, handle the RF circuit.

The smart bracelet needs to be linked with the mobile phone when it is used. Therefore, the radio frequency part is a key part. In this part of the design, special care must be taken. Nowadays, the smart bracelets on the market are nothing more than wireless data transmission based on Bluetooth, so the focus is on the processing of Bluetooth radios. If the smart bracelet is only used for data transmission without the need to transmit sound and music, then low-power Bluetooth is the best choice. At design time, the shape of the Bluetooth antenna, the antenna layout, the smart bracelet shell material, etc. are important factors that affect the performance of the smart bracelet. An excellent RF antenna engineer is particularly important in the smart bracelet PCB design process.

Third, do ESD protection.

Different countries and regions have different standards for different products or the same product ESD requirements. In order to pass the relevant tests, ESD protection design should be carried out during design. After the design is completed, ESD testing should be carried out to ensure the passing of products, adapt to the electronic testing of the local market.

Finally, reserve the system upgrade interface.

Whether the upgrade of a smart bracelet is convenient or not is very important for users or smart fans. If a product is upgraded at the appropriate time (probably the previous hardware design to some functions and not catch up with the market software, it may also be a bug in some software), which means the product is still in development process. This is a good psychological compensation for the user. There are usually two ways to upgrade a smart bracelet software: via USB interface and wireless push. As for which method to use, it needs to be determined in the early planning and hardware and software planning.